September 1st, 2011)
ENTRY/EXIT REQUIREMENTS: A
visa is not required for U.S. citizens to visit Canada for up to 180 days.
Anyone seeking to enter Canada for any purpose other than a visit (e.g. to work,
study or immigrate) must qualify for the appropriate entry status, and should
contact the Canadian Embassy or nearest consulate and consult the
Entry into Canada is solely determined by Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA)
officials in accordance with Canadian law. Please see
for details. Canadian law requires that all persons
entering Canada carry both proof of citizenship and proof
of identity. A valid U.S. passport, passport card or NEXUS card (see below)
satisfies these requirements for U.S. citizens. Children under 18 must present
proof of citizenship and identity. The
provides further details about
children into Canada.
(Please see below for important information
concerning re-entry into the United States). For further information about
visiting Canada, consult the
and Immigration Canada's Visiting Canada website
U.S. citizens entering Canada from a third country must have a valid U.S.
If you plan to travel to Canada with a minor who is not your own child or for
whom you do not have full legal custody, CBSA may require you to present a
notarized affidavit of consent from the minor's parents. Please refer to
for more details.
There is no specific form for this document, but it should include dates of
travel, parents' names and photo copies of their state-issued IDs.
When returning to the United States from Canada, it is very important to note
that all U.S.
citizens are required to present a valid U.S. passport to enter or re-enter the
United States via air.
For entry into the United States
land and sea borders
, U.S. citizens will need to present either a U.S.
passport, passport card, NEXUS card, Enhanced Drivers License or other Western
Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)-compliant document. The only exception
to this requirement is for U.S. citizens under the age of 16 (or under 19, if
traveling with a school, religious, or other youth group) who need only present
a birth certificate (original, photocopy or certified copy), Consular Report of
Birth Abroad, or naturalization certificate.
American travelers are urged to obtain WHTI-compliant documents before entering
Canada well in advance of their planned travel. For the most recent
information on WHTI and WHTI-compliant documents, please see the
Department of State's WHTI website
and Border Patrol website
One of the WHTI-compliant documents for crossing the land border is the
may not be used to travel by air and is available only to U.S. citizens.
American citizens can visit
U.S. Department of State's website
call 1-877-4USA-PPT (1-877-487-2778) for information on how to apply for their
Both the U.S. and Canadian governments urge frequent travelers to join the
NEXUS trusted traveler program
. The NEXUS Card is for pre-approved
travelers who cross the U.S/Canada border frequently. It has added benefits of
access to expedited passage at dedicated commuter lanes on the northern border,
expedited marine reporting and access to NEXUS kiosks at designated Canadian
airports. To learn more about this program or to apply for entry into this
program, please refer to the CBP.GOV website./p>
Please Note: Canada,
like the United States, has rules that prohibit entry for persons with specific
ineligibilities. For example, anyone with a criminal record (including
misdemeanors or Driving While Impaired (DWI)), no matter how long ago, may be
barred from entering Canada and must obtain a special waiver well in advance of
any planned travel. To determine whether you may be inadmissible and how to
overcome this finding, please refer to the
and Immigration Canada website
For further information on entry requirements, travelers may contact the
at 501 Pennsylvania
Avenue NW, Washington D.C. 20001, tel. (202) 682-1740; or the
consulates in Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles,
Miami, Minneapolis, New York, San Juan or Seattle
found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please